The city was no longer a fixed placed but a condition, and this condition-conveyed by merchandise, which had shattered all barriers-united and homogenized the whole territory, regardless of whether it was city or country, centre or periphery, old burghs or new settlements.
The Twelve Ideal Cities are twelve critical designs that, by pushing to the edge individual aspects of contemporary planning (zoning, uniformity, existenz minimum, transparency, building industrialization, climatization, etc.), showed its insufficiency in the face of the problems connected with the complexity of the ever-changing City.
At the same time, Reflected Architecture, while it investigated the relationship between Architecture and nature, reduced the semantic possibilities of the building to zero. Architecture needs to find its image in the reality while the metropolis and agriculture are part of the same territorial system.
So too, the Neutral Surface project concentrated on a new reduction of the building to a communication surface and to the new hybridization with natural systems through folds in the ground